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Causes of Bleeding Gums

Posted November 01, 2013 in Dental Problems

inside of bottom teeth with dental mirrorComplete oral health means more than just keeping your teeth clean. A common misconception that many people have is that if their teeth appear white, then their mouth is healthy.

A healthy smile consists of more than just a bright white set of teeth. In order to attain complete oral health, individuals need to make sure their gums are also in excellent condition. Unfortunately, about half of the U.S. population aged 30 years and older have periodontal (gum) disease according to the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP). A common precursor to periodontal disease is bleeding gums, which can be caused by various factors.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Brushing your teeth twice a day may seem sufficient to some, but there are other things that must be done regularly to ensure a healthy mouth that is free of bleeding gums. Flossing at least once a day should also be done along with brushing, and teeth cleanings are strongly recommended throughout the year by a dental professional.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a condition that occurs when the gums become inflamed due to plaque and tartar build-up on the teeth. Regular brushing can reduce the amount of plaque on the teeth, while tartar removal typically requires a visit to a dental professional.

Hormonal Changes

For some women, the gums are more sensitive when they are pregnant. Known as “pregnancy gingivitis,” a woman’s gums tend to bleed during the months of pregnancy because of drastic hormonal fluctuations, which affect the blood flow throughout the body.

Bleeding Disorders

Diseases such as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) prevent blood from clotting, which often causes excessive bleeding and bruising. The gums are one of the first areas that are noticeably affected by ITP because it is easily visible.

The health of your gums is necessary not just to your smile, but also to your overall health. If you wish to reverse the effects of bleeding gums and improve the health of your mouth, please contact our Beverly Hills practice today. Our cosmetic dentist, Dr. Kevin Sands, is a member of The American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, the Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, and the American Dental Association. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Sands, call (310) 273-0111 or fill out our online contact form today. We look forward to meeting you!